http://www.chemistrymag.org/cji/2010/121006ne.htm

Feb.18, 2010  Vol.12 No.1 P.6 Copyright cij17logo.gif (917 bytes)


A new biflavonoid from Selaginella uncinata (Desv.) Spring

Lei Ting1, Jiang Haiyan2, Chi Cuiyun1, Wu Sichao3, Cen Yinzhou1
(1 Department of Chemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China; 2Guangdong Province Material Testing Center, Guangzhou 510632, China; 3Integrated
 Technical Service Center Of Guangzhou Entry-exit Inspection And Quarantine, Guangzhou 510632, China)

Abstract A new biflavonoid, 5,7,4',5''-tetrahydroxy-7''-metroxy-[3-O-4'''] biflavone along with four known biflavonoids and one known phenolic acid was isolated from the herb of Selaginella uncinata(Desv.) Spring. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods.
Keywords Selaginella uncinata
5,7,4',5''-tetrahydroxy-7''-metroxy-[3-O-4'''] biflavone

1. INTRODUCTION
Selaginella uncinata (Desv.) Spring as a medicinal plant is used to treat acute infectious jaundice hepatitis, cholecystitis, enteritis and so on. In previous investigations of the plant, two kinds of chromone glycoside (uncinoside A and uncinoside B) have been separated from S. uncinata , which have good anti-tumor and anti-viral activity[1]. Our preliminary study found that ethyl acetate extract exhibited good anti-HSV-1 virus and Cox B3 virus activity [2]. Through activity-guided fractionation, we isolated a new biflavonoid, named 5,7,4',5''-tetrahydroxy-7''- metroxy-[3-O-4'''] biflavone
(IV), together with five known compounds7,4',7',4'''- tetra-O-methylamento-flavone(I)[3]7, 7'', 4'''-trim-O-methyl amentoflavone(II)[4]7, 7''-di-O-methylamentoflavone(III)[4]amentoflavone(V)[5], shikimic acid(VI)[6], and all the structures of these compounds were elucidated by spectral analysis.

2. EXPERIMENTAL
The air dried aerial parts of S. uncinata (10kg) was extracted three times with 95% ethanol at room temperature. The combined EtOH extract was evaporated in vacuo to afford a gummy residue (520g). The extracts were suspended in water and successively partitioned with petroleum ether, EtOAc and n-BuOH, respectively. The EtOAc extract (50g) was repeatedly subjected to column chromatography to yield compound
I to VI.

3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Compound IV
was obtained as yellow powder, its molecular formula was established as C31H20O10 (m/z 552.1022, calculated 552.1051) by HRESIMS. The IR (KBr, n
, cm-1) spectrum showed the bands at 3409 (hydroxyl group), 1656 (conjugated carbonyl group), 1603, 1500 (aromatic ring). The 1H NMR and 13C NMR signals of compound IV (Table 1) were very similar to those of delicaflavone except for the existence of the one methoxyl signals [d 3.86(3H, s)] instead of hydroxyl. All the above information suggested that compound IV was a derivative of delicaflavone. The methoxyl position was determined by analyzing the difference of proton signals between compound IV and delicaflavone [7], that is d value of H-6'' shifted from d 6.38 to d 6.19, and d value of H-8'' shifted from d 6.75 to d 6.47, respectively. Which showed the methoxyl group was located at C-7''. This was further confirmed by HMBC spectrum, in which the signals at dH 6.75 and 6.38 along with signals of methoxyl group at dH 3.86 displayed correlation to dC 165.74. Therefore the structure of compound IV was elucidated as 5,7,4',5''-tetrahydroxy-7''- metroxy-[3-O-4'''] biflavone.

 

Table 1 NMR spectral data for compound IV in DMSO

NO.

dH (ppm)

dC (ppm)

HMBC

2

 

157.52

 

3

 

132.14

 

4

 

176.45

 

4a

 

104.62

 

5

 

161.66

 

6

6.24(1H, d, J=1.6Hz)

99.43

165.10, 161.66, 104.62, 94.69

7

 

165.10

 

8

6.54 (1H, d, J=1.6Hz)

94.69

165.10, 157.27, 99.43

8a

 

157.27

 

1'

 

120.18

 

2'/6'

7.83 (2H, d, J=8.8Hz)

130.66

157.52, 161.16, 130.66

3'/5'

6.89 (2H, d, J=8.8Hz)

116.27

161.16, 120.18, 116.27

4'

 

161.16

 

2''

 

163.82

 

3''

6.92(1H, s)

104.87

163.82, 182.46, 105.30

4''

 

182.46

 

4a''

 

105.30

 

5''

 

161.66

 

6''

6.38(1H, d, J=1.6 Hz)

98.39

165.74, 161.66, 105.30, 93.25

7''

 

165.74

 

8''

6.75(1H, d, J=1.6Hz)

93.25

165.74, 157.79, 98.39, 105.30

8a''

 

157.79

 

9''

3.86(3H, s)

56.55

165.74

1'''

 

125.31

 

2'''/6'''

8.02(2H, d, J=8.8Hz)

129.07

163.82, 160.14, 129.07

3'''/5'''

7.25(2H, d, J=8.8Hz)

116.27

160.14, 125.31, 116.14

4'''

 

160.14

 

OH-5

12.22(br, s)

   

OH-5''

12.86(br, s)

   

 

Figure 1 HMBC correlations of compound IV

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 20772047
20472024), Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (039213

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